Sphiggurus ichillus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Sphiggurus ichillus
Species Authority: (Voss & da Silva, 2001)
Taxonomic Notes: This species formally was included in Coendou. Bonvicino et al. (2000) suggested that Coendou and Sphiggurus represent distinct lineages that have evolved by different chromosomal mechanisms (Woods and Kilpatrick 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Tirira, D., Boada, C., Weksler, M., Anderson, R.P. & Gómez-Laverde, M.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Data Deficient in view of the absence of recent information on its distribution, status and ecological requirements.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in the lowlands (below 400 m asl) of western Ecuador. A juvenile specimen purchased near Iquitos, Peru suggests the species may be more widely distributed (Voss and da Silva, 2001).
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is uncommon; the species is known only from a few individuals (Voss and da Silva, 2001).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is poorly known. Some field observations of Coendou ichillus are available. An adult female porcupine was briefly observed in the night as it ate ripe bananas suspended by a cord from the rafters of a building surrounded by gardens and secondary vegetation. Another adult was observed at night in adjacent primary floodplain forest, where it was perched on a liana about 8 m above the ground. At least two individuals were said by lodge employees to inhabit holes in hollow palm trunks that were used as upright supports for the kitchen and other buildings (Voss and da Silva, 2001).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Major threats to this species are unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has not been recorded from a protected area, but Yasuni National Park is within its known localities (D. Tirira pers. comm.).

Citation: Tirira, D., Boada, C., Weksler, M., Anderson, R.P. & Gómez-Laverde, M. 2008. Sphiggurus ichillus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 30 March 2015.
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