Hydrochoerus isthmius 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Caviidae

Scientific Name: Hydrochoerus isthmius
Species Authority: Goldman, 1912
Common Name(s):
English Lesser Capybara
Taxonomic Notes: This was recognized as a distinct species by Mones (1991). There is taxonomic confusion about distributional boundaries. Also known as Hydrochoeris isthmius.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Aguilera, M., Gómez-Laverde, M., Delgado, C., Samudio, R., Emmons, L., González, J. & Pino, J.
Reviewer(s): McKnight, M. (Global Mammal Assessment Team) & Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority)
This species is listed as Data Deficient in view of the absence of recent information on its extent of occurrence and population status.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs from Panama to western Colombia and western Venezuela (Woods and Kilpatrick 2005).
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Panama; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is common in protected and unprotected areas in Panama, and uncommon in Venezuela. Its population status is unknown in Colombia.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs only in habitat close to water including marshes, estuaries, and along rivers and streams. Depending on habitat and hunting pressure, it is found singly or socially. It is diurnal or nocturnal depending on hunting pressure and the season. In Venezuela, the species breeds throughout the year, usually with a single breeding cycle. Gestation lasts up to 120 days after which an average of 3.5 young are born (range, one to seven) (Eisenberg and Redford 1999).
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are deforestation of gallery forest and extensive agriculture. There is subsistence hunting of this species throughout its range; it is used as a food source. It is heavily hunted in Colombia. Habitat for this species is being rapidly destroyed in Colombia, where many swamps are being drained at the mouth of the Magdalena River.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs in several protected areas.

Citation: Aguilera, M., Gómez-Laverde, M., Delgado, C., Samudio, R., Emmons, L., González, J. & Pino, J. 2008. Hydrochoerus isthmius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136277A4268411. . Downloaded on 26 November 2015.
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