Mannophryne leonardoi 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Aromobatidae

Scientific Name: Mannophryne leonardoi Manzanilla, La Marca, Jowers, Sánchez and García-Paris, 2005
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 October 2016). New York, USA Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Mannophryne leonardoi can be dintinguished from other similar species by a combination of morphological characters (Manzanilla et al., 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A2ae ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Ariadne Angulo
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Endangered because of a serious population decline, estimated to be more than 50% over the last three generations, inferred from observed shrinkage in numbers and anecdotal information on pollution.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Mannophryne leonardoi is known from its type locality [caserío El Toyano, Parroquia Pozuelos, Municipio Sotillo, Estado Anzoátegui, Venezuela (10 07´30.7" N; 64 29´ 35.7" W)] and the areas within the Turimiquire Massif (ca 540 000 ha), in NE Venezuela. The species can be found throughout a wide altitudinal gradient, from a few metres above sea level to 1650 masl (Manzanilla et al., 2005).
Countries occurrence:
Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of (Venezuela (mainland))
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):10
Upper elevation limit (metres):1650
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This used to be a common species, but recent surveys suggest a dramatic population decline, potentially associated to the use of agrochemicals (see Manzanilla et al., 2005).
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species lives in montane forests and forests at the foothill of the Turimiquire massif. It is often found next to streams, and males sit on higher elevation objects, from where they call. Females are often dispersed around the area (Manzanilla et al., 2005).
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Part of the area is being afflicted by urban development, agriculture and building of roads (Manzanilla et al., 2005).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs within several protected areas (area protectora del Macizo de Turimiquire, Mochima National Park and Cueva del Guacharo National Park) (Manzanilla et al., 2005).

Citation: Ariadne Angulo. 2008. Mannophryne leonardoi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136125A4244165. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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