Incilius chompipe 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Incilius chompipe
Species Authority: (Vaughan & Mendelson, 2007)
Crepidophryne chompipe Vaughan & Mendelson, 2007
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Recently separated from Crepidophryne epiotica by Vaughn and Mendelson (2007).

Further taxonomic studies are needed to better understand the relationship between this species and Crepidophryne epiotica (Federico Bolaños pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Eduardo Boza, Federico Bolaños, Gerado Chaves
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from only two locations containing multiple localities. There are currently no threats recognised for the species, however the potential for future habitat degradation and loss with the species restricted range is plausible.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from several localities (including Los Juncos 1,500 to 1,600m asl) near Cascajal, on the Cerro Chompipe, and from the Reserva Dantas in the Cordillera Central in central Costa Rica (Vaughn and Mendelson, 2007).
Countries occurrence:
Costa Rica
Number of Locations: 2
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1600
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Vaughn and Mendelson (2007), mention that this is generally a rare toad with a few individuals being recorded along trails. However it is reported to be generally common by other researchers (five to seven animals encountered daily) (Eduardo Boza pers. comm. 2007).
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Animals have been recorded from primary or mature cloudforest with a closed canopy (Vaughn and Mendelson, 2007). It appears to be associated with deep leaf litter (Vaughn and Calvo, 2003; Vaughn and Mendelson, 2007). It is possible that this species undergoes direct development, however this requires further investigations (Vaughn and Mendelson, 2007).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There appears to be no definite habitat loss ongoing or predicted within the range of this species. However, while it is not certain, the possibility remains that part of the habitat within the range of this species could be degraded through the expansion of housing from the city of San José (Federico Bolaños pers. comm. 2007).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It has been recorded from the Reserva Dantas in the Districto Los Angeles, Canton San Rafael (Vaughn and Mendelson, 2007). Los Juncos is part of a Forestry Reserve (Eduardo Boza pers. comm. 2007).

Citation: Eduardo Boza, Federico Bolaños, Gerado Chaves. 2008. Incilius chompipe. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T136078A4227213. . Downloaded on 01 December 2015.
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