|Scope: Global & Europe|
|Scientific Name:||Pelasgus marathonicus (Vinciguerra, 1921)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
The species is now only known from springs and rivers in the Sperchios and Kifissos drainages, it is extirpated from the Marathon plain which was drained for agriculture. The extent of occurrence of the remaining distribution is less than 10,000 km², where there is a continuing decline in water quality in the rivers (but not the springs) from agricultural pollution, the species is also threatened by drought and water abstraction, and in some springs there is stocking of Oncorhynchus mykiss which will eat P. marathonicus. However the species is found in many springs (but it is not severely fragmented) within the drainages and therefore, based on the main threat of water abstraction and drought, the species is found in more than 10 locations. The species is close to meeting VU under the B1 criteria.
|Range Description:||Greece: Marathon plain (now drained for agriculture) and Sperchios and Kifissos drainages.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat: |
Springs, swamps, canals; usually among vegetation or under shore cover.
Lives up to two years. Spawns in May-September. Feeds on a wide variety of aquatic invertebrates, algae and detritus.
|Major Threat(s):||Water abstraction, drought, drainage for agriculture, agricultural pollution and introduced species (Oncorhynchus mykiss).|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Pelasgus marathonicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T135721A4192889.Downloaded on 15 October 2018.|
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