|Scientific Name:||Benthophilus granulosus|
|Species Authority:||Kessler, 1877|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats.
|Range Description:||Coastal areas of the whole Caspian Sea, especially abundant at northern and eastern coasts of the Caspian Sea, at river deltas, in particular, of Ural and Volga (up to Astrakhan).|
Native:Azerbaijan; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Kazakhstan; Russian Federation; Turkmenistan
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Both fresh and marine waters; prefers brackish and slightly saline zones in deltas and estuaries. In summer inhabits shallow coastal waters (0.5-20 m) and shallow channels of deltas, moves to deeper areas (down to 60-70 m) in winter.
Spawns after first winter. In northern Caspian Sea and Volga delta, spawns in April-July in shallow water. Feeds mostly on molluscs and crustaceans.
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats known.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Benthophilus granulosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 04 September 2015.|
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