|Scope: Global & Europe|
|Scientific Name:||Percarina maeotica Kuznetsov, 1888|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern (Regional assessment) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
A widespread species with no known major widespread threats.
|Range Description:||Eastern and northeastern Sea of Azov: Gulfs of Taganrog and Temryuk. Bolshoi Akhtanizovski Liman, Kuban delta, rare in Don delta.|
Native:Russian Federation; Ukraine
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat: |
Coastal fresh and brackish waters with salinities up to 7 ‰, and river mouths.
A gregarious, bottom-dweller. Females live up to four years, males up to three. Spawns for the first time at one year. Spawns in least saline part of Gulf of Taganrog in June-July, at 24-25°C. Eggs are released over mud bottom; although slightly sticky, they do not adhere to bottom but become coated with minute substrate particles. Soon after spawning, adults migrate to open sea. Eggs hatch in two days. Larvae first lie on bottom, moving to the to surface at four days. From about 6 mm SL they actively prey on planktonic crustaceans, at 16-40 mm on larger copepods and mysids, and from second the year of life on Knipowitschia longecaudata, Clupeonella cultriventris, benthic worms, molluscs, and insect larvae.
|Movement patterns:||Full Migrant|
|Major Threat(s):||No major threats known.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Percarina maeotica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T135673A4176582.Downloaded on 22 July 2018.|
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