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Salmo cettii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA ACTINOPTERYGII SALMONIFORMES SALMONIDAE

Scientific Name: Salmo cettii
Species Authority: Rafinesque, 1810
Taxonomic Notes: Often appears in the literature as S. macrostigma, a species endemic to Algeria. Trouts retaining parr marks in adults are also present in southwestern France (southern Garonne tributaries and Adour drainages, Atlantic basin; Aude drainage, Mediterranean basin) and Iberian Peninsula (Ebro basin, Mediterranean basin). They have also been called S. macrostigma but apparently represent several distinct, unnamed and unstudied species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.
Reviewer(s): Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)
Justification:
This species is found in Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, and the Tyrrhenian basin of Italy from Magra drainage southward (streams in hilly areas; in lowland in karstic resurgences) where it is threatened by water abstraction, overfishing and stocking of non-native trouts (resulting in hybridisation and competition). It is suspected that in the past three generations (10 to 12 years) the population has declined by almost 30%, and it will continue to do so as water abstraction will most likely increase.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Tyrrhenian basin of Italy from Magra drainage southward.
Countries:
Native:
France; Holy See (Vatican City State); Italy
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Declining.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Habitat:
Streams in hilly areas; in lowland in karstic resurgences. Clear waters around 10-20°C, usually with dense subaquatic vegetation.

Biology:
Resident ecotype only. Spawns in January-March, on gravel bottom, in shallow water. Feeds mainly on aquatic insects.
Systems: Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Water abstraction, overfishing and stocking of non-native trouts (hybridisation and competition).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: There are local reserves set up specifically for the species in Italy.

Citation: Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Salmo cettii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 December 2014.
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