|Scientific Name:||Salmo cettii|
|Species Authority:||Rafinesque, 1810|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Often appears in the literature as S. macrostigma, a species endemic to Algeria. Trouts retaining parr marks in adults are also present in southwestern France (southern Garonne tributaries and Adour drainages, Atlantic basin; Aude drainage, Mediterranean basin) and Iberian Peninsula (Ebro basin, Mediterranean basin). They have also been called S. macrostigma but apparently represent several distinct, unnamed and unstudied species.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
This species is found in Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, and the Tyrrhenian basin of Italy from Magra drainage southward (streams in hilly areas; in lowland in karstic resurgences) where it is threatened by water abstraction, overfishing and stocking of non-native trouts (resulting in hybridisation and competition). It is suspected that in the past three generations (10 to 12 years) the population has declined by almost 30%, and it will continue to do so as water abstraction will most likely increase.
|Range Description:||Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Tyrrhenian basin of Italy from Magra drainage southward.|
Native:France; Holy See (Vatican City State); Italy
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Streams in hilly areas; in lowland in karstic resurgences. Clear waters around 10-20°C, usually with dense subaquatic vegetation.
Resident ecotype only. Spawns in January-March, on gravel bottom, in shallow water. Feeds mainly on aquatic insects.
|Major Threat(s):||Water abstraction, overfishing and stocking of non-native trouts (hybridisation and competition).|
|Conservation Actions:||There are local reserves set up specifically for the species in Italy.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Salmo cettii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 26 January 2015.|
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