|Scope: Global & Europe|
|Scientific Name:||Iberochondrostoma almacai (Coelho, Mesquita & Collares-Pereira, 2005)|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Critically Endangered B2ab(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
The pools that the species survives in during the summer droughts (exacerbated by water abstraction across its range) has a combined area of occupancy of less than 10 km². If water abstraction continues at the same rate or increases and the spring rains fail, the species may have no habitat left, therefore the species is found in only location.
|Range Description:||Southern Portugal: Mira, Arade and Bensafrim drainages.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Habitat: |
Ubiquitous. Small to medium sized streams. May be restricted to very small pools during summer. Spawns in shallow riffle habitats in fast-flowing water.
|Major Threat(s):||Alien species (Gambusia, Lepomis and Micropterus) which are probably impacting the species. Streams almost dry out in summer due to water abstraction and drought where the species survives in small refuges. If the spring rains fail, the species risks extinction as it may have no habitat remaining.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Iberochondrostoma almacai. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T135497A4132949.Downloaded on 15 October 2018.|
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