|Scientific Name:||Alburnus mentoides|
|Species Authority:||Kessler, 1859|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(ii,iii,v)+2ab(ii,iii,v) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M.|
|Reviewer(s):||Bogutskaya, N., & Smith, K. (IUCN Freshwater Biodiversity Unit)|
The species is known from five streams on the Crimea with an extent of occurrence of less than 1,000 km² (area of occupancy of spawning sites estimated to be less than 500 km²). It is threatened by pollution (Salgir stream), water abstraction (Alma, Chornaya, Kacha) and river regulation (Chornaya). It's presence in Salgir needs to be confirmed, it is rare in Kacha and Chornaya streams, almost extirpated in Alma but still abundant in the Bel Bek stream.
|Range Description:||The species is known from five streams on the Crimea; Salgir, Alma, Chornya, Bel Bek and Kacha.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It's presence in Salgir needs to be confirmed, it is rare in Kacha and Chornaya streams, almost extirpated in Almastill but still abundant in the Bel Bek stream.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Lower and middle parts of streams and estuaries. In estuaries, lives close to surface. Migrates to upper reaches of streams in piedmont and montane zones. Spawns in riffles with heavy current on gravel bottom.
Lives up to five years. Spawns for the first time at three years. Spawns in June-July. Forages in small stream estuaries and migrates upstream to spawn. Some juveniles forage in lower part of streams. Feeds on drifting and terrestrial insects and zooplankton. Regularly hybridizes with Squalius cephalus.
|Major Threat(s):||It is threatened by pollution (Salgir stream), water abstraction (Alma, Chornaya, Kacha) and river regulation (Chornaya). The level of drought is predicted to increase in severity due to climate change.|
|Conservation Actions:||No information.|
|Citation:||Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2008. Alburnus mentoides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 April 2015.|
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