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Microtus schelkovnikovi

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA CRICETIDAE

Scientific Name: Microtus schelkovnikovi
Species Authority: (Satunin, 1907)
Common Name(s):
English Schelkovnikov's Pine Vole, Schelkovnikov’s Pine Vole
Synonym(s):
Microtus dorothea (Ellerman, 1948)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Shenbrot, G. & Kryštufek, B.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Tsytsulina, K. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Based on present evidence, the species may qualify for Vulnerable under criterion B1, however, it is necessary to check deforestation rates and effect on the species, and to determine whether the range is severely fragmented and/or whether the species is restricted to ten or fewer locations. The species has an extent of occurrence of less than 20,000 km2 and habitat loss is occurring within its range. Currently assessed as Near Threatened, but should be reassessed if more information becomes available.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found only in forest zone of mountains bordering the southern shore of the Caspian Sea, in southern Azerbaijan (Talysh Mountains) and northwestern Iran (Elburz Mountains). The species could potentially be found somewhat further east in the forests south of the Caspian Sea.
Countries:
Native:
Azerbaijan; Iran, Islamic Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is slightly declining due to forest clearance, overgrazing.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species is found in humid subtropical forest of piedmont and lower mountain zone (600 - 1000 m), and prefers forest clearings in early successional stage. The species has not been recorded outside of forest, and is likely to be dependent on forest. In Talysh found only in beech and hornbeam forests, with Parrotia persica and Quercus castanefolia. Inhabit steep slopes and deep ravines coverd with shrubs, ferns and mosses. Leads semi-subterranean life. In contrast to many other vole species doesn't make passes between exits of the burrows. Feeds on underground plant parts. Most probably lives in family groups. Family area is small, limited to a single burrow with several exits (2 to 6). Reproduction starts in the end of March, litter size is 1-4 young.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There is deforestation in this area.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species has been found in one reserve in Azerbaijan (Zuvandinskiy Nature Sanctuary), and has several other protected areas in its range.

Citation: Shenbrot, G. & Kryštufek, B. 2008. Microtus schelkovnikovi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 October 2014.
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