|Scientific Name:||Parathelphusa pantherina|
|Species Authority:||(Schenkel, 1902)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||This species was formerly included in the Parathelphusidae but has recently been reassigned to the Gecarcinucidae; Parathelphusidae is now regarded as a junior synonym of Gecarcinucidae (Klause et al. in press).
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1|
|Assessor/s:||Esser, L. and Cumberlidge, N.|
|Reviewer/s:||Ng, P. and McIvor, A.|
This species has an estimated extent of occurrence of 3 km² with threats from the mining
of nickel from the lakes shores, which would have negative impacts on water quality. It qualifies as Vulnerable under D2 with an EOO<20 km². As the threat would affect the whole area, it counts as one location, so also qualifies as D2 under locations <5.
|Range Description:||Indonesia: Sulawesi: Lake Mantano (and about 2 km southeast of Matano; South coast, west of Sorokao; southwest coast near Matano (2 27'41.5"S, 121 13'6.3"E; 02 30.49'S, 121 19.96'E; 2 28.44'S, 121 15.78'E), south Sulawesi. Lake Matano Cliff, south Sulawesi (2 28'59.1"S, 121 17'12.9"E).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Locally common. Many localities, but all close to the South West side of Lake Matano.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The source of Matano lake is assumed to come from an area west of the lake (known as Matano village). This species is found around Lake Mantano under roots and logs on sand.|
|Major Threat(s):||The present and future threats to this species include human induced habitat loss/degradation due to population increases and industrial and agrarian development. There is a small mining town (Soroako/Sorowako) close to lake Mantano which could influence water quality in the future. The shores of Lake Matano contain large deposits of nickel. Mining for this metal causes pollution and destroys habitat. Commercial fishing, development, and the introduction of non-native species are among other threats to this ecoregion (WWF 200 Global Ecoregion homepage).|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is not found in a protected area.|
|Citation:||Esser, L. and Cumberlidge, N. 2008. Parathelphusa pantherina. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 June 2013.|
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