|Scientific Name:||Gracila albomarginata (Fowler & Bean, 1930)|
Aetheloperca albomarginata (Fowler & Bean, 1930)
Cephalopholis albomarginatus Fowler & Bean, 1930
Epinephelus albomarginatus (Fowler & Bean, 1930)
Gracilia albomarginata (Fowler & Bean, 1930)
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Craig, M.T. and Hastings, P.A. 2007. A molecular phylogeny of the groupers of the subfamily Epinephelinae (Serranidae) with a revised classification of the Epinephelini. Ichthyological Research 54(1): 1-17.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Data Deficient ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Rhodes, K.L., Myers, R. & Yeeting, B.|
|Reviewer(s):||Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)|
Gracila albomarginata is listed as Data Deficient. It does not form a major part of any known coral reef fishery and, very little is known of its biology or exploitation.
|Range Description:||Gracila albomarginata is an Indo-Pacific species ranging from northern Mozambique to French Polynesia, north to Okinawa (Japan), and south to the northern Great Barrier Reef (Australia). It is unknown from the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, but has been recorded from Europa Island (in the Mozambique Channel), Réunion, Mauritius, Indonesia, Scott Reef and Rowley Shoals (Australia).|
Native:American Samoa; Australia; British Indian Ocean Territory; China; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Comoros; Cook Islands; Fiji; French Polynesia; Guam; India; Indonesia; Japan; Kenya; Kiribati; Madagascar; Malaysia; Maldives; Marshall Islands; Mauritius; Mayotte; Micronesia, Federated States of ; Mozambique; Nauru; New Caledonia; Niue; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau; Papua New Guinea; Philippines; Réunion; Samoa; Seychelles; Solomon Islands; Somalia; Taiwan, Province of China; Tanzania, United Republic of; Tokelau; Tonga; Tuvalu; United States Minor Outlying Islands; Vanuatu; Wallis and Futuna
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:|
Indian Ocean – western; Indian Ocean – eastern; Pacific – northwest; Pacific – western central
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Gracila albomarginata is widely distributed and rare in most localities within its range, preferring deeper water habitat.
Fisheries-dependent and independent
Out of 17,000 serranids, only five individuals were observed in the South Pacific (IRD database). Only one specimen seen in Guam in 15 years of monitoring (creel census data) (Myers pers. comm.). A survey of 1,848 serranids over a seven month period in Pohnpei in 2006 did not find any of this species in catch in the reef fish fishery (Rhodes and Tupper 2007). The species is relatively rare on reefs in Pohnpei.
|Current Population Trend:||Unknown|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Gracila albomarginata is a reef-associated species and an active swimmer usually found on outer reef slopes and channels adjacent to deep water. It hovers above the bottom and probably feeds primarily on fishes. It is uncommon and usually solitary, however Myers (1989) reported of occasional sightings of groups of three or four fish.|
|Major Threat(s):||Gracila albomarginata may be threatened by small-scale commercial and artisinal fisheries in some areas as it is a rare species, in general. It may also be sensitive to habitat loss through coral destruction and climate change.|
|Conservation Actions:||Gracila albomarginata occurs within marine protected areas within its range, but there are no specific conservation actions for this fish.|
|Citation:||Rhodes, K.L., Myers, R. & Yeeting, B. 2008. Gracila albomarginata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T132800A3455045.Downloaded on 17 October 2017.|
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