Epinephelus labriformis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Actinopterygii Perciformes Epinephelidae

Scientific Name: Epinephelus labriformis (Jenyns, 1840)
Common Name(s):
English Starry Grouper, Flag Cabrilla, Grouper, Red-tipped, Rock Bass, Sea Bass
French Merou Etoile
Spanish Cabrilla, Cabrilla Piedrera, Cabrilla Pinta, Murico, Murique
Epinephelus ordinatus Cope, 1871
Epinephelus sellicauda Gill, 1862
Serranus labriformis Jenyns, 1840
Taxonomic Notes: A recent publication suggests change in family name to Epinephelidae (Smith and Craig 2007).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Craig, M.T., Rocha, L., Choat, J.H., Ferreira, B. & Bertoncini, A.A.
Reviewer(s): Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)
Epinephelus labriformis is listed as a species of Least Concern since it is a widespread and common species not currently in decline.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Epinephelus labriformis is an eastern Pacific species that occurs from Baja California (Mexico) to Peru, including the offshore islands of Cocos, Revillagigedo, and the Galápagos Islands. The range for this species has recently been extended northward to San Diego, California (USA) based on a previously overlooked museum specimen (Craig et al. 2006). Other anecdotal records also indicate that this species sparsely populates the Pacific coast of Baja California. It is present in the northern Gulf of California, reaching higher densities in the south.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; United States
FAO Marine Fishing Areas:
Pacific – southeast; Pacific – eastern central
Additional data:
Lower depth limit (metres):30
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Epinephelus labriformis is a very common species throughout its range, especially common in the Galápagos Islands and off Mazatian and Puerto Vallarta (central Mexico).

Fishery dependent
Anecdotal reports indicate that the species has not declined substantially in Loreto (Baja California).

Recent genetic survey indicates strong population connectivity throughout entire range.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:General
Epinephelus labriformis is a demersal species that inhabits rocky reefs to at least 30 m. Adults are most abundant in shallow water and also occurs to a depth of at least 30 m.

Epinephelus labriformis is a solitary predator that seems to feed on smaller fishes by day and crustaceans after dark. Spawning occurs in late summer.

Age and growth
Age and growth studies indicate a maximum age of 30 years (Craig et al. 1999).

Recent unpublished data confirms protogyny (B. Erisman pers. comm.)

Species does not appear to form aggregations in the Gulf of California (B. Erisman pers. comm.)

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Epinephelus labriformis is in subsistence, artisinal, sub-national fisheries, but it is currently not considered a major threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Epinephelus labriformis occurs in protected areas throughout its range.

Amended [top]

Amended reason: This amended version of the 2008 assessment was created as Guadeloupe was accidentally recorded as a country of occurrence and has now been removed.

Citation: Craig, M.T., Rocha, L., Choat, J.H., Ferreira, B. & Bertoncini, A.A. 2017. Epinephelus labriformis (amended version of 2008 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T132750A118682046. . Downloaded on 28 May 2018.
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