|Scientific Name:||Epinephelus labriformis|
|Species Authority:||(Jenyns, 1840)|
Epinephelus ordinatus Cope, 1871
Epinephelus sellicauda Gill, 1862
Serranus labriformis Jenyns, 1840
|Taxonomic Notes:||A recent publication suggests change in family name to Epinephelidae (Smith and Craig 2007).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Craig, M.T., Rocha, L., Choat, J.H., Ferreira, B. & Bertoncini, A.A.|
|Reviewer(s):||Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)|
Epinephelus labriformis is listed as a species of Least Concern since it is a widespread and common species not currently in decline.
|Range Description:||Epinephelus labriformis is an eastern Pacific species that occurs from Baja California (Mexico) to Peru, including the offshore islands of Cocos, Revillagigedo, and the Galápagos Islands. The range for this species has recently been extended northward to San Diego, California (USA) based on a previously overlooked museum specimen (Craig et al. 2006). Other anecdotal records also indicate that this species sparsely populates the Pacific coast of Baja California. It is present in the northern Gulf of California, reaching higher densities in the south.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guadeloupe; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; United States
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
Epinephelus labriformis is a very common species throughout its range, especially common in the Galápagos Islands and off Mazatian and Puerto Vallarta (central Mexico).
Anecdotal reports indicate that the species has not declined substantially in Loreto (Baja California).
Recent genetic survey indicates strong population connectivity throughout entire range.
|Habitat and Ecology:||
Epinephelus labriformis is a demersal species that inhabits rocky reefs to at least 30 m. Adults are most abundant in shallow water and also occurs to a depth of at least 30 m.
Epinephelus labriformis is a solitary predator that seems to feed on smaller fishes by day and crustaceans after dark. Spawning occurs in late summer.
Age and growth
Age and growth studies indicate a maximum age of 30 years (Craig et al. 1999).
Recent unpublished data confirms protogyny (B. Erisman pers. comm.)
Species does not appear to form aggregations in the Gulf of California (B. Erisman pers. comm.)
|Major Threat(s):||Epinephelus labriformis is in subsistence, artisinal, sub-national fisheries, but it is currently not considered a major threat.|
|Conservation Actions:||Epinephelus labriformis occurs in protected areas throughout its range.|
|Citation:||Craig, M.T., Rocha, L., Choat, J.H., Ferreira, B. & Bertoncini, A.A. 2008. Epinephelus labriformis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.|
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