|Scientific Name:||Hyporthodus acanthistius|
|Species Authority:||(Gilbert, 1892)|
Bodianus acanthistius Gilbert, 1892
Cephalopholis acanthistius (Gilbert, 1892)
Cephalopholis popino Walford, 1936
Epinephelus acanthistius (Gilbert, 1892)
Hyporthodus acanthistius (Gilbert, 1892)
|Taxonomic Notes:||A recent publication changed the generic name of this species to Hyporthodus (Craig and Hastings 2007) and a change of family name to Epinephelidae (Smith and Craig 2007).|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||Craig, M.T., Choat, J.H., Ferreira, B., Bertoncini, A.A., Rocha, L. & Heemstra, P.C.|
|Reviewer(s):||Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)|
Hyporthodus acanthistius is listed as Least Concern as it is a widespread species that, although heavily fished in some parts of its range, its overall decline appears to be less than 30%.
|Range Description:||Hyporthodus acanthistius is an eastern Pacific species with a distribution from southern California (USA) to central Peru.|
Native:Colombia; Costa Rica; Ecuador; El Salvador; Guadeloupe; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua; Panama; Peru; United States
|FAO Marine Fishing Areas:||
Pacific – eastern central; Pacific – southeast
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||Hyporthodus acanthistius is common in fisheries throughout the Gulf of California and in central Mexico, and is occasionally taken on the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico. There is only a single record of the species in southern California.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Hyporthodus acanthistius is a demersal species found in reefs and sandy bottoms near the coast at depths of 46 to 90 m.|
Hyporthodus acanthistius is targeted by recreational fishing, but is only incidentally caught in commercial fishery in the southern portion of its range. In the Gulf of California, it is targeted by artisanal fishermen at a level constituting a major threat.
Hyporthodus acanthistius was reported to comprise 1.2% of the total fish catch in Colima, Mexico, from 1983 to 1998 based on surveys of 5 to 20 boats (Espino-Barr et al. 2004). The same reference reports the total fishery of Colima to catch ~25 kg/day of fish based on the effort of ~1,000 boats working ~250 days/year. (by extrapolation 0.3 kg/day of H. acanthistius are taken).
|Conservation Actions:||Hyporthodus acanthistius may occur in some protected areas within its range, but it is likely that it occurs too deep to be protected by most coastal MPAs. In the Gulf of California, there needs to be regulation of harvests as the current level is unsustainable.|
|Citation:||Craig, M.T., Choat, J.H., Ferreira, B., Bertoncini, A.A., Rocha, L. & Heemstra, P.C. 2008. Hyporthodus acanthistius. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 28 November 2014.|
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