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Makalata didelphoides

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA ECHIMYIDAE

Scientific Name: Makalata didelphoides
Species Authority: (Desmarest, 1817)
Common Name/s:
English Brazilian Spiny Tree Rat
Synonym/s:
Makalata armata (I. Geoffroy, 1830)
Mesomys didelphoides (Desmarest, 1817)
Taxonomic Notes: This taxon is likely to contain several distinct species, however, studies are required to revise the taxonomy and distribution (Patton pers. comm.). Emmons (1993) concluded that the holotype for Echimys didelphoides was a young Makalata armata and therefore E. didelphoides Desmarest, 1817 antedates Nelomys armatus I. Geoffroy (1838).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Patton, J., Weksler, M., Catzeflis, F. & Bonvicino, C.
Reviewer/s: Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.
History:
1996 Data Deficient

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil and Bolivia (J. Patton pers. comm.). Emmons (1993) limits the range of Makalata didelphoides to the Guiana region, including that part of Amazonian Brazil north of the Amazon and east of the Rio Negro and south of the Amazon from at least the Rio Xingu eastward to the border of Bolivia (Patton et al. 2000).
Countries:
Native:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; French Guiana; Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is not uncommon throughout its range (J. Patton pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species prefers lowland seasonally flooded tropical evergreen forest (Eisenberg and Redford 1999) and is common in secondary forest and gardens (J. Patton pers. comm.). It is strictly nocturnal, nests in hollow trees and feeds on seeds (Eisenberg and Redford 1999). The maximum litter size is two (Eisenberg and Redford 1999).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this species at this time.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is found in several protected areas, including Madidi National Park in Bolivia.
Citation: Patton, J., Weksler, M., Catzeflis, F. & Bonvicino, C. 2008. Makalata didelphoides. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 19 April 2014.
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