Melanosuchus niger


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Melanosuchus niger
Species Authority: (Spix, 1825)
Common Name(s):
English Black Caiman
Spanish Caimán Negro, Lagarto Negro
French Caïman noir
Caiman niger Spix, 1825

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Lower Risk/conservation dependent ver 2.3
Year Published: 2000
Date Assessed: 2000-01-01
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Ross, J.P.
Reported to have undergone substantial recovery in several parts of its range. Recent surveys suggest that this species remains widespread and extinction is unlikely.
1996 Endangered
1994 Vulnerable (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Endangered (IUCN 1990)
1988 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Endangered (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Found in the Amazon River basin. Terrestial nest sites and basking areas.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is listed on CITES Appendix I (except the population of Brazil, which is included in Appendix II, and the population of Ecuador, which is included in Appendix II and is subject to a zero annual export quota until an annual export quota has been approved by the CITES Secretariat and the IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group).

Citation: Ross, J.P. 2000. Melanosuchus niger. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 31 March 2015.
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