Maxomys surifer 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Muridae

Scientific Name: Maxomys surifer (Miller, 1900)
Common Name(s):
English Indomalayan Maxomys, Red Spiny Rat
Taxonomic Notes: This is a species complex which requires systematic revision (K. Aplin, G. Musser and D. Lunde pers. comm.).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-01-31
Assessor(s): Aplin, K.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Lunde, D.P. & Musser, G.
Listed as Least Concern because this is a very widespread species, it has a presumed large population, no major threats, and occurs in many protected areas.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is widespread throughout Southeast Asia including, southern Myanmar, Thailand, Lao PDR, southern and southwestern Cambodia, throughout Viet Nam (including Thom and Phu Qoc Islands off the south coast), extreme southern Yunnan, China, the Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, and many smaller islands (Musser and Carleton 2005). It is a lowland species that ranges from around sea level to 1,680 m asl (Mount Kinabalu) (Nor 2001).
Countries occurrence:
Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; China (Yunnan); Indonesia (Jawa, Kalimantan, Sumatera); Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah, Sarawak); Myanmar; Thailand; Viet Nam
Additional data:
Upper elevation limit (metres):1680
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The abundance of this species ranges from locally common to quite rare depending on the population surveyed (Aplin et al. 2006). Nor (2001) recorded 17 specimens between 700 and 1,200 m asl on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo, Sabah, Malaysia. Wells et al. (2004) recorded nine specimens in Kinabalu National Park.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is generally a lowland, exclusively terrestrial species. It is present in primary forest and forest edge habitats (including adjacent gardens (Marshall 1977)), but does not appear to be present in secondary forest (Aplin et al. 2006). It lives in burrows (Smith and Xie 2008).

It is a nocturnal species that feeds on roots, fallen fruit, insects, and small vertebrates (Smith and Xie 2008). Litter size ranges from 2-5 (Smith and Xie 2008).
Generation Length (years):1-2

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats to this widespread species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in many protected areas. Further studies are needed into the taxonomy of this species. In China, this species has been regionally Red Listed as Least Concern (Wang and Xie 2004).

Citation: Aplin, K. 2016. Maxomys surifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12905A22455389. . Downloaded on 19 June 2018.
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