Marmota himalayana 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Sciuridae

Scientific Name: Marmota himalayana (Hodgson, 1841)
Common Name(s):
English Himalayan Marmot, Karakoram Marmot
Spanish Marmota Del Himalaya
Marmota bobac Muller

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2016
Date Assessed: 2016-09-01
Assessor(s): Shrestha, T.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Contributor(s): Molur, S.
This species is listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, it occurs in a number of protected areas, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.\
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species is present in northwestern South Asia, and western, central and southern China. In South Asia, this species has been recorded widely distributed in the Himalaya of India, Nepal and Pakistan at elevations of 3,500 to 5,200 m asl (Molur et al. 2005).In China, it is found in Qinghai, Xizang, western Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Xinjiang (Smith and Xie 2005). Steppes  of southern Russia and Kazakhstan, west of Poland and Romania but range now reduced in west, mountain of Asia from Altai to south of Tibet. In Nepal found in Mustang district.

Countries occurrence:
China; India; Nepal; Pakistan
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:>2000
Lower elevation limit (metres):2900
Upper elevation limit (metres):5500
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is often common.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species is adapted to alpine meadows, grassland and desert conditions with very low rainfall, typically inhabiting steep bush-dotted slopes and gentle slopes where soil can be readily excavated (Molur et al. 2005; Smith and Xie 2008). It lives in small or large colonies, depending on local resources (Smith and Xie 2008). They excavate unusually deep burrows, which are shared by colony members during hibernation. Litter size is reported to be two to eleven young, after a gestation period of one month. Females become reproductively active only in their second spring.
Generation Length (years):5

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: It is hunted for food and medical purpose.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

There are no major threats to this species as a whole. In South Asia, the species is locally threatened by hunting for food and ethnomedicinal use, mortality from domestic predators, habitat disturbance resulting from civil unrest, and overgrazing of its habitat by domestic livestock (Molur et al. 2005).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions:

It is presumably present in many protected areas. It occurs in Annapurna Conservation Area, Sagarmatha National Park, Shey Phoksundo National Park and Makalu Barun National Park in Nepal. The species is included in the Schedule II (Part II) of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and listed in Appendix III of CITES (India). Survey, taxonomic research, limiting factors studies and monitoring are recommended (Molur et al. 2005).

Errata [top]

Errata reason: This errata assessment has been created because the map was accidentally left out of the version published previously.

Citation: Shrestha, T. 2016. Marmota himalayana (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T12826A115106426. . Downloaded on 23 September 2018.
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