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Hystrix pumila

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA RODENTIA HYSTRICIDAE

Scientific Name: Hystrix pumila
Species Authority: (Günther, 1879)
Common Name/s:
English Phillipine Porcupine, Palawan Porcupine, Indonesian Porcupine

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable A3bcd ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Heaney, L., Balete, D., Rosell-Ambal, G., Tabaranza, B., Ong, P. & Widmann, P.
Reviewer/s: Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable as it is inferred that the population will undergo a decline of more than 30% in the next three generations, based on rate of forest loss, and numbers collected for the pet and bushmeat trade as confirmed by recent research into local declines in Palawan (P. and I. Widmann pers. comm.).

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is endemic to the Philippines being restricted to the Palawan Faunal Region (Heaney et al. 1998). It has been recorded from Palawan, and Busuanga islands.
Countries:
Native:
Philippines
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be a locally common species, but populations are decreasing rapidly in many areas. Interviews with local hunters have confirmed these declines (I. Widmann pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species occurs in lowland primary and secondary forest, with movements into grassland, scrubland, and cultivated areas (I. Widmann pers. comm.).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is affected by forest clearance and is hunted for food. It is an important game species for some ethnic communities (Esselstyn et al. 2004).
It is also traded nationally as a pet, private collectors in the Philippines and also occasionally within Palawan but it is unlikely that it enters the wildlife trade in larger numbers (I. Widmann pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species occurs in some protected areas. It is also one of the focal species monitored by wildlife wardens to record the extent of hunting in the Culasian Managed Resources Protected Area in Rizal (southern Palawan) and in Omoi Cockatoo Reserve in Dumaran (I. Widmann pers. comm.).
Citation: Heaney, L., Balete, D., Rosell-Ambal, G., Tabaranza, B., Ong, P. & Widmann, P. 2008. Hystrix pumila. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 23 April 2014.
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