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Hydromantes shastae

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA CAUDATA PLETHODONTIDAE

Scientific Name: Hydromantes shastae
Species Authority: Gorman and Camp, 1953
Common Name(s):
English Shasta Salamander

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable D2 ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Geoffrey Hammerson, David Wake, Andrea Herman
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Vulnerable because it is known from fewer than five locations.
History:
1996 Vulnerable (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)
1996 Vulnerable
1994 Rare (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Rare (IUCN 1990)
1988 Rare (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Rare (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to a small area in northern California, in the headwaters of Shasta Reservoir drainage, Shasta County, California, USA. As of 1990, there were 12 known populations (California Department of Fish and Game 1990), including those at Backbone Ridge, Mammoth Butte, Hirz Mountain, Potter and Low Pass creeks, McCloud River, Brock Mountain, Samwell Cave, and near Ingot. Since 1990, researchers have expanded the number of populations to 61, thought to represent 16-17 population centres (Nauman and Olson 2004). Populations are now known from Green Mountain (Lindstrand 2000) and the Calaveras Cement Quarry. It has an elevational range of 300-975m asl (Stebbins 1985b, Bury, Dodd and Fellers 1980).
Countries:
Native:
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be locally abundant within its small range. Populations are believed to be stable.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is commonly, but not always, found near limestone outcrops; usually in cool, wet ravines and valleys; most commonly in oak-Gray Pine (Pinus sabinianus) woodland, also in Douglas-fir woodland and ponderosa/Jeffrey pine-oak at higher elevations; in moist limestone fissures or caves, sometimes under nearby logs and talus in wet weather (Bury, Dodd and Fellers 1980). Little is known concerning breeding activity; eggs are probably laid underground or in cave crevices and fissures during early summer months (May-July) with young hatching in late summer/early fall. During non-breeding seasons animals can be found using limestone or the forested slope habitat. Susceptibility to habitat degradation is difficult to assess because no long-term studies have been conducted.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Road construction, quarrying for limestone, and raising the elevation of Lake Shasta are potential threats (California Department of Fish and Game 1990). Impoundment of Lake Shasta has destroyed some habitat; a rise in water level could wipe out some extant populations. Timber harvesting and human recreational activities are additional threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Many of the known populations occur on U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management land; Shasta-Trinity National Forest has developed a management plan (California Department of Fish and Game 1990). The Shasta Salamander is listed as Threatened under the State of California Endangered Species Act and is protected on federal lands under the survey and management mitigation of the Northwest Forest Plan.

Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson, David Wake, Andrea Herman 2004. Hydromantes shastae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 30 August 2014.
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