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Hipposideros lekaguli

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA CHIROPTERA HIPPOSIDERIDAE

Scientific Name: Hipposideros lekaguli
Species Authority: Thonglongya & Hill, 1974
Common Name/s:
English Large Asian Leaf-nosed Bat, Large Asian Roundleaf Bat
Taxonomic Notes: As currently defined, this species is variable geographically. The Philippines population is likely to represent a different species, a comprehensive revision is needed (Heaney et al. 1998).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Csorba, G., Bumrungsri, S., Francis, C., Bates, P., Gumal, M. & Kingston, T.
Reviewer/s: Hutson, A.M., Racey, P.A. (Chiroptera Red List Authority), Chanson, J. & Chiozza, F. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Near Threatened because this species is probably in significant decline (but probably at a rate of less than 30% over ten years) because of widespread habitat disturbance through much of its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable under criterion A2c. There is not enough information about the population in the Philippines to contribute to the global assessment (L. Heaney, D. Balete, and J. Esselstyn pers. comm.) and it is likely that the Philippine population represents a separate species.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is found in Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, and the Philippines. In the Philippines, it is recorded only from one individual from Luzon (Isabela province) and one from Mindoro (Balete et al. 1995; Heaney et al. 1998). There are unverified and poorly documented records of this species from other islands in the Philippines. In Thailand it is usually found below 400 m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Malaysia; Philippines; Thailand
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population status in Malaysia is unknown. In Thailand, two thirds of the known populations are outside protected areas, colonies comprise groups of up to three hundred individuals (S. Bumrungsri pers. comm. 2006). A Thai population has undergone a decline from a few hundred individuals to 30 over a 20 year period (S. Bumrungsri pers. comm.).
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: All known sites are limestone cave areas; the species can survive in degraded forest and a population is known from a forest fragment within a sugar cane plantation in Thailand (S. Bumrungsri pers. comm.). The two known specimens from the Philippines were collected close to sea level in ultrabasic forest, and in an agricultural area near a river (Balete et al. 1995).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The species is affected by tourism and religious disturbance to the caves, they are also hunted.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Recommended actions include prevention of cave disturbance (S. Bumrungsri pers. comm. 2006).
Citation: Csorba, G., Bumrungsri, S., Francis, C., Bates, P., Gumal, M. & Kingston, T. 2008. Hipposideros lekaguli. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 April 2014.
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