Other IUCN Red List Related Publications

Scientific Papers:


Azam, C. S., Gigot, G., Witte, I., & Schatz, B. (2016). National and subnational Red Lists in European and Mediterranean countries: current state and use for conservation. Endangered Species Research, 30, 255-266. DOI:10.3354/esr00740


Collen, B., Dulvy, N.K., Gaston, K.J., Gärdenfors, U., Keith, D.A., Punt, A.E., Regan, H.M., Böhm, M., Hedges, S., Seddon, M., Butchart,S.H.M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Bachman, S.P. and Akçakaya, H.R. 2016. Clarifying misconceptions of extinction risk assessment with the IUCN Red List. Biological Letters 12: 20150843. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2015.0843. [12 Apr 2016]


Di Marco, M., Brooks, T., Cuttelod, A., Fishpool, L.D.C., Rondinini, C., Smith, R.J., Bennun, L., Butchart, S.H.M., Ferrier, S., Foppen, R.P.B., Joppa, L., Juffe-Bignoli, D., Knight, A.T., Lamoreux, J.F., Langhammer, P.F., May, I., Possingham, H.P., Visconti, P., Watson, J.E.M. and Woodley, S. 2016. Quantifying the relative irreplaceability of important bird and biodiversity areas. Conservation Biology 30(2): 392–402. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12609. [Apr 2016].


Plotnick, R.E., Smith, F.A. and Lyons, S.K. 2016. The fossil record of the sixth extinction. Ecology Letters 19(5): 546-553. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12589. [2 Mar 2016]


Di Marco, M., Butchart, S.H.M., Visconti, P., Buchanan, G.M., Ficetola, G.F. and Rondinini, C. 2016. Synergies and trade-offs in achieving global biodiversity targets. Conservation Biology 30(1):189–195. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12559. [Feb 2016]


Dawson, J., Patel, F., Griffiths, R.A. and Young, R.P. 2016. Assessing the global zoo response to the amphibian crisis through 20-year trends in captive collections. Conservation Biology 30(1): 82–91. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12563. [Feb 2016].


Schachat, S.R., Mulcahy, D.G. and Mendelson, J.R. 2016. Conservation threats and the phylogenetic utility of IUCN Red List rankings in Incilius toads. Conservation Biology 30(1): 72–81. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12567. [Feb 2016]

Visconti, P., Baisero, D., Brooks, T., Butchart, S.H.M., Joppa, L., Alkemade, R., Bakkenes, M., Di Marco, M., Santini, L., Hoffmann, M., Maiorano, L., Pressey, R.L., Arponen, A., Boitani, L., Reside, A., van Vuuren, D. and Rondinini, C. 2016. Projecting global biodiversity indicators under future development scenarios. Conservation Letters 9(1): 513: DOI: 10.1111/conl.2014.12159. [Jan/Feb 2016].


Roberts, D.L., Taylor, L. and Joppa, L.N. 2016. Threatened or Data Deficient: assessing the conservation status of poorly known species. Diversity and Distributions 22(5): 558–565. DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12418 [online 12 Jan 2016]



Regan, E.C., Santini, L., Ingwall-King, L., Hoffmann, M., Rondinini, C., Symes, A., Taylor, J. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2015. Global trends in the status of bird and mammal pollinators. Conservation Letters 8(6): 397–403. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12162. [Nov/Dec 2015].


Joppa, L.N., Butchart, S.H.M., Hoffmann, M., Bachman, S., Akçakaya, H.R., Moat, J., Böhm, M., Holland, R.A., Newton, A., Polidoro, B. and Hughes, A. 2015. Impact of alternative metrics on estimates of extent of occurrence for extinction risk assessment. Conservation Biology 30(2): 362–370. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12591. [2 Nov 2015]


Joppa, L.N. 2015. Technology for nature conservation: An industry perspective. Ambio 44(Suppl. 4): S522–S526. DOI: 10.1007/s13280-015-0702-4. [Nov 2015]


Pimm, S.L., Alibhai, S., Bergl, R., Dehgan, A., Giri, C., Jewell, Z., Joppa, L., Kays, R. and Loarie, S. 2015. Emerging Technologies to Conserve Biodiversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30(11): 685–696. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2015.08.008. [Nov 2015]


Visconti, P., Bakkenes, M., Smith, R.J., Joppa, L. and Sykes, R.E. 2015. Socio-economic and ecological impacts of global protected area expansion plans. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370(1681): DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2014.0284. [Nov 2015]


Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Cox, N.A., Heath, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Kingston, N., Rodríguez, J.P., Stuart, S.N. and Smart, J. 2015. Harnessing biodiversity and conservation knowledge products to track the Aichi Targets and Sustainable Development Goals. Biodiversity 16(2/3): DOI: 10.1080/14888386.2015.1075903. [23 Oct 2015]


Hoffmann M., Duckworth J.W., Holmes K., Mallon D.P., Rodrigues A.S. and Stuart S.N. 2015. The difference conservation makes to extinction risk of the world's ungulates. Conservation Biology 29(5): 1303–1313. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12519. [Oct 2015]


Seddon, P.J. 2015. Using the IUCN Red List criteria to assess reintroduction success. Animal Conservation 18: 407–408. DOI: 10.1111/acv.12239. [Oct 2015]


Butchart, S.H.M., Clarke, M., Smith, R.J., Sykes, R.E., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Harfoot, M., Buchanan, G.M., Angulo, A., Balmford, A., Bertzky, B., Brooks, T.M.,Carpenter, K.E., Comeros-Raynal, M.T., Cornell, J., Ficetola, G.F., Fishpool, L.D.C., Fuller, R.A., Geldmann, J., Harwell, H., Hilton-Taylor, C., Hoffmann, M., Joolia, A., Joppa, L. Kingston, N., May, I., Milam, A., Polidoro, B., Ralph, G., Richman, N., Rondinini, C., Segan, D., Skolnik, B., Spalding, M., Stuart, S.N., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Visconti, P., Watson, J., Wood, L. and Burgess, N.D. 2015. Shortfalls and Solutions for Meeting National and Global Conservation Area Targets. Conservation Letters 8: 329–337. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12158. [Sep/Oct 2015]


Adriaens, T., San Martin y Gomez, G., Bogaert, J., Crevecoeur, L., Beuckx, J.-P. and Maes, D. 2015. Testing the applicability of regional IUCN Red List criteria on ladybirds (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in Flanders (north Belgium): opportunities for conservation. Insect Conservation and Diversity 8(5): 404–417. DOI: 10.1111/icad.12124. [Sep 2015]


Brummitt, N.A., Bachman, S.P., Griffiths-Lee, J., Lutz, M., Moat, J.F., Farjon, A., Donaldson, J.S., Hilton-Taylor, C., Meagher, T.R., Albuquerque, S., Aletrari, E., Andrews, A.K., Atchison, G., Baloch, E., Barlozzini. B., Brunazzi, A., Carretero, J., Celesti, M.,.Chadburn, H., Cianfoni, E., Cockel, C., Coldwell, V., Concetti, B., Contu, S., Crook, V., Dyson, P., Gardiner, L., Ghanim, N., Greene, H., Groom, A., Harker, R., Hopkins, D., Khela, S., Lakeman-Fraser, P., Lindon, H., Lockwood, H., Loftus, C., Lombrici, D., Lopez-Poveda, L., Lyon, J., Malcolm-Tompkins, P., McGregor, K., Moreno, L., Murray, L., Nazar, K., Power, E., Quiton Tuijtelaars, M., Salter, R., Segrott, R., Thacker, H., Thomas, L.J., Tingvoll, S., Watkinson, G., Wojtaszekova, K., Nic Lughadha, E.M. 2015. Green plants in the red: a baseline global assessment for the IUCN Sampled Red List Index for Plants. PLoS ONE 10(8):e0135152. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0135152. [7 Aug 2015]


Collen, B. 2015. Conservation prioritization in the context of uncertainty. Animal Conservation 18(4): 315–317. DOI: 10.1111/acv.12222. [Aug 2015]


Di Marco, M., Collen, B., Rondinini, C. and Mace, G.M. 2015. Historical drivers of extinction risk: using past evidence to direct future monitoring. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282(1813): 20150928. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2015.0928. [Aug 205]


Paudela, P.K. and Heinen, J.T. 2015. Think globally, act locally: On the status of the threatened fauna in the Central Himalaya of Nepal. Geoforum 64: 192–195. DOI: 10.1016/j.geoforum.2015.06.021. [Aug 2015]


Chao, N.L., Frédou, F.L., Haimovici, M., Peres, M.B., Polidoro, B., Raseira, M., Subirá, R. and Carpenter, K.E. 2015. A popular and potentially sustainable fishery resource under pressure – extinction risk and conservation of Brazilian Sciaenidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Global Ecology and Conservation: 4: 117–126. DOI:10.1016/j.gecco.2015.06.002. [Jul 2015]


Hayward, M.W., Child, M.F., Kerley, G.I.H., Lindsey, P.A., Somers, M.J. and Burns, B.R. 2015. Ambiguity in guideline definitions introduces assessor bias and influences consistency in IUCN Red List status assessments. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 3, Article number 87. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2015.00087. [Jul 2015] [Author copy]


Maes, D., Isaac, N.J.B., Harrower, C.A., Collen, B., van Strien, A.J. and Roy, D.B. 2015. The use of opportunistic data for IUCN Red List assessments. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 115(3): 690–706. DOI: 10.1111/bij.12530. [Jul 2015]


Newton, A., Oldfield, S., Rivers, M., Mark, J., Schatz, G., Tejedor Garavito, N., Cantarello, E., Golicher, D., Cayuela, L. and Miles, L. 2015. Towards a Global Tree Assessment. Oryx 49(3): 410–415. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605315000137. [Jul 2015]


Mittermeier, R.A., van Dijk, P.P., Rhodin, A.G.J. and Nash, S.D. 2015. Turtle hotspots: an analysis of the occurrence of tortoises and freshwater turtles in biodiversity hotspots, high-biodiversity wilderness areas, and turtle priority areas. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 14(1): 2–10. DOI: 10.2744/ccab-14-01-2-10.1. [Jun 2015]


Willemen, L., Cottam, A.J., Drakou, E.G and Burgess, N.D. 2015. Using social media to measure the contribution of Red List species to the nature-based tourism potential of African protected areas. PLoS ONE 10(6):e0129785. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129785. [12 Jun 2015]


Ceballos, G., Ehrlich, P.R., Barnosky, A.D., García, A., Pringle, R.M. and Palmer, T.M. 2015. Accelerated modern human–induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction. Science Advances 1(5): e1400253. DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1400253. [Jun 2015]


Ficetola, G.F., Rondinini, C., Bonardi, A., Baisero, D. and Padoa-Schioppa, E. 2015. Habitat availability for amphibians and extinction threat: a global analysis. Diversity and Distributions 21(3): 302–311. DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12296. [Mar 2015]


Stanton, J.C., Shoemaker, K.T., Pearson, R.G. and Akçakaya, H.R. 2015. Warning times for species extinctions due to climate change. Global Change Biology 21(3): 1066–1077. [Mar 2015]


Lees, A.C. and Pimm, S.L. 2015.Species, extinct before we know them? Current Biology 25(5): R177–R180. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.12.017. [2 Mar 2015]


Bland, L.M., Collen, B., Orme, C.D.L. and Bielby, J. 2015. Predicting the conservation status of data-deficient species. Conservation Biology 29(1): 250–259. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12372. [Feb 2015]


Peters, H., O’Leary, B.C., Hawkins, J.P. and Roberts, C.M. 2015. Identifying species at extinction risk using global models of anthropogenic impact. Global Change Biology 21(2): 618–628. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12749. [Feb 2015].



Stanton, J.C. 2014. Present-day risk assessment would have predicted the extinction of the passenger pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius). Biological Conservation 180: 11–20. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.09.023 [Dec 2014]


Akçakaya, H.R., Butchart, S.H.M., Watson, J.E.M. and Pearson, R.G. 2014. Preventing species extinctions resulting from climate change. Nature Climate Change 4: 1048–1049. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2455. [26 Nov 2014]


Keith, D.A.M., Mahony, H., Hines, J., Elith, T.J., Regan, J.B., Baumgartner, D., Hunter, G.W., Heard, N.J., Mitchell, K.M., Parris, T., Penman, B., Scheele, C.C., Simpson, R., Tingley, C.R., West, T.M. and Akçakaya, H.R. 2014. Detecting extinction risk from climate change by IUCN Red List criteria. Conservation Biology 28(3): 810–819. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12234. [Jun 2014]


Di Marco, M., Buchanan, GM., Szantoi, Z., Holmgren, M., Grottolo Marasini, G., Gross, D., Tranquilli, S., Boitani, L. and Rondinini, C. 2014. Drivers of extinction risk in African mammals: the interplay of distribution state, human pressure, conservation response and species biology. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 369(1643): 20130198. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0198. [14 Apr 2014]


Rondinini, C., Di Marco, M., Visconti, P., Butchart, S.H.M. and Boitani, L. 2014. Update or outdate: long-term viability of the IUCN Red List. Conservation Letters 7(2) 126–130. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12040. [Mar/Apr 2014]



Conde, D.A., Colchero, F., Gusset, M., Pearce-Kelly, P., Byers, O., Flesness, N., Browne,, R.K. and Jones, O.R. 2013. Zoos through the lens of the IUCN Red List: a global metapopulation approach to support conservation breeding programs. PLoS ONE 8(12): e80311. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080311. [11 Dec 2013]


Foden, W.B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Vié, J.-C., Akçakaya, H.R., Angulo, A., DeVantier, L.M., Gutsche, A., Turak, E., Cao, L., Donner, S.D., Katariya, V., Bernard, R., Holland, R.A., Hughes, A.F., O’Hanlon, S.E., Garnett, S.T., ┼×ekercio─člu, Ç,H. and Mace, G.M. 2013. Identifying the world's most climate change vulnerable species: a systematic trait-based assessment of all birds, amphibians and corals. PLoS ONE 8(6): e65427. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065427. [12 Jun 2013]



Akçakaya, H.R., Ferson, S., Burgman, M.A., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M. and Todd, C.R. 2012. Commentary: IUCN classifications under uncertainty. Environmental Modelling & Software 38: 119–121. DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2012.05.009 [author manuscript] [Dec 2012]


Butchart, S.H.M., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Evans, M., Quader, S. Arinaitwe, J., Bennun, L.A., Besançon, C.,  Boucher, T., Bomhard, B., Brooks, T.M., Burfield, I.J., Burgess, N.D., Clay, R.P., Crosby, M.J., Davidson, N.C. De Silva, N., Devenish, C., Dutson, G.C.L., Díaz Fernández, D.F., Fishpool, L.D.C., Foster, M., Hockings, M., Hoffmann, M., Knox, D., Larsen, F., Lamoreux, J.F., Loucks, C., May, I.,  Millett, J. Parr, M., Skolnik, B., Upgren, A. and Woodley, S. 2012.  Protecting important sites for biodiversity contributes to meeting global conservation targets. PLoS One 7(3): e32529. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0032529. [21 Mar 2012]



Zamin, T.J., Baillie,  J.E.M.,  Miller,  R.M., Rodríguez,  J.P.,  Ardid, A. and Collen, B. 2010. National Red Listing Beyond the 2010 Target. Conservation Biology 24(4): 1012–1020. [22 Mar 2010]


Butchart, S.H.M. and Bird, J. 2010. Data Deficient birds on the IUCN Red List: what don’t we know and why does it matter? Biological Conservation 143(1): 239–247. DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2009.10.008. [Jan 2010]



Salafsky, N., Butchart, S.H.M., Salzer, D., Stattersfield, A. J., Neugarten, R., Hilton-Taylor, C., Collen,B., Master, L.L., O’Connor, S. and Wilkie, D. 2009. Pragmatism and practice in classifying threats: Reply to Balmford et al. Conservation Biology 23(2): 488–493. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01197.x. [Apr 2009] 



Mace, G.M., Collar,  N.J. , Gaston,  K.J., Hilton-Taylor, C., Akçakaya, H.R., Leader-Williams, N., Milner-Gulland, E.J. and Stuart, S.N. 2008. Quantification of Extinction Risk: IUCN's System for Classifying Threatened Species. Conservation Biology 22(6): 1424 – 1442. [25 Sep 2008]


Baillie J.E.M, Collen, B., Amin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Butchart, S.H.M., Brummitt, N., Meagher, T.R., Ram, M., Hilton-Taylor, C. and Mace, G.M. 2008. Towards monitoring global biodiversity. Conservation Letters 1(1): 18–26. [4 Jul 2008]


Salafsky, N., Salzer, D., Stattersfield, A.J., Hilton-Taylor, C., Neugarten, R., Butchart, S.H.M., Collen, B., Cox, N., Master, L.L., O’Connor, S. and Wilkie, D. 2008.A Standard Lexicon for Biodiversity Conservation: Unified Classifications of Threats and Actions. Conservation Biology 22(4): 897–911. [9 Jun 2008]


Brooke, M. de L., Butchart, S.H.M., Garnett, S.T., Crowley, G.M., Mantila-Beniers, N.B and Stattersfield, A.J.  2008. Rates of movement of threatened bird species between IUCN Red List categories and toward extinction. Conservation Biology 22(2): 417–427. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00905.x. [Apr 2008]


Boyd, C., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Hawkins, A.F.A., Hoffmann, M., Sechrest, W.W., Stuart, S.N., van Dijk, P.P. and Edgar, G.J. 2008. Spatial scale and the conservation of threatened species. Conservation Letters 1(1): 37–43. DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2008.00002.x. [Apr 2008]



Miller, R.M., Rodríguez,  J.P., Aniskowicz-Fowler, T., Bambaradeniya, C., Boles, R., Eaton, M.A., Gärdenfors, U., Keller, V., Molur, S., Walker, S. and Pollock, C. 2007. National Threatened Species Listing Based on IUCN Criteria and Regional Guidelines: Current Status and Future Perspectives. Conservation Biology 21(3): 684–696.  [9 Mar 2007] [An examination of the extent of use of the Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Criteria at Regional Levels to prepare national threatened species lists and suggestions of improvements for the guidelines.]



Akçakaya, H.R., Butchart, S.H.M., Mace, G.M., Stuart, S.N. and Hilton-Taylor, C. 2006. Use and misuse of the IUCN Red List criteria in projecting climate change impacts on biodiversity. Global Change Biology 12(11): 2037–2043. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2006.01253.x. [28 Sep 2006]


Butchart, S.H.M., Stattersfield, A.J. and Brooks, T.M. 2006. Going or gone: defining ‘Possibly Extinct’ species to give a truer picture of recent extinctions. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 126(A): 7–24. [5 Jun 2006] [This paper and the whole issue is available at the Biodiversity Heritage Library]


Rodrigues, A.S.L., Pilgrim, J.D., Lamoreux, J.F., Hoffmann, M. and Brooks, T.M. 2006. The value of the IUCN Red List for Conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21(2): 71–76. [Feb 2006]


de Grammont, P.C. and Cuarón, A.D. 2006. An evaluation of threatened species categorization systems used on the American continent. Conservation Biology 20(1): 14–27. [23 Jan 2006]



Regan T.J., Burgman. M.A., McCarthy, M.A., Master, L.L., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M. and Andelman, S.J. 2005. The consistency of extinction risk classifications. Conservation Biology 19(6): 1969–1977. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00235.x. [Dec 2005]


Ricketts, T.H., Dinerstein, E., Boucher, T., Brooks, T.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Hoffmann, M., Lamoreux, J.F., Morrison, J., Parr, M., Pilgrim, J.D., Rodrigues, A.S.L., Sechrest, W., Wallace, G.E., Berlin, K., Bielby, J., Burgess, N., Church, D.R., Knox, D., Loucks, C., Luck, G., Master, L.L., Naidoo, R., Ridgely, R., Schatz, G., Shire, G., Strand, H., Wettengel, W. and Wikramanayake, E. 2005. Pinpointing and preventing imminent extinctions. PNAS 102: 1849718501. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0509060102. [12 Dec 2005] 




O’Grady, J.J., Burgman, M.A., Keith, D.A., Master, L.L., Andelman, S.J., Brook, B.W., Hammerson, G.A., Regan, T.J. and Frankham, R. 2004. Correlations among extinction risks assessed by different threatened species categorization systems. Conservation Biology 18(6): 16241635. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2004.00109.x. [Dec 2004]


Keith, D.A., McCarthy, M.A., Regan, H.M., Regan, T.J., Bowles, C., Drill, C., Craig, C., Pellow, B., Burgman, M.A., Master, L.L., Ruckelshaus, M., Mackenzie, B., Andelman, S.J. and Wade. P.R. 2004. Protocols for listing threatened species can forecast extinction. Ecology Letters 7(11): 1101–1108. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00663.x. [Nov 2004 ]


McCarthy, M.A., Keith, D.A., Tietjen, J., Burgman, M.A., Maunder, M., Master, L.L., Brook, B.W., Mace, G.M., Possingham, H.P., Medellin, R., Andelman, S.J., Regan, H.M., Regan T.J. and Ruckelshaus M. 2004. Comparative predictions of extinction risk using models and subjective judgment. Acta Oecologica 26(2): 67–74. DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2004.01.008. [Oct 2004]



Lamoreux, J., Akçakaya, H.R., Bennun, L., Collar, N.J., Boitani, L., Brackett, D., Bräutigam, A., Brooks, T.M., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Mittermeier, R.A., Rylands, A.B., Gärdenfors, U., Hilton-Taylor, C., Mace, G.M., Stein, B.A. and Stuart, S.N. 2003. Value of the IUCN Red List. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18(5): 214–215. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5347(03)00090-9. [May 2003]



Possingham, H.P., Andelman, S.J., Burgman, M.A., Medellin, R.A., Master, L.L. and Keith, D.A. 2002. Limits to the use of threatened species lists. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 503507. DOI: 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02614-9. [Nov 2002]



Gärdenfors, U., Hilton-Taylor, C., Mace, G.M. and Rodríguez, J.P. 2001. The application of IUCN Red List criteria at regional levels. Conservation Biology 15(5): 1206–1212. [Oct 2001]



Akçakaya, H.R., Ferson, S.,  Burgman, M.A., Keith, D.A., Mace, G.M. and Todd, C.R. 2000. Making consistent IUCN classifications under uncertainty. Conservation Biology 14(4): 1001–1013. [Aug 2000]



Mace, G. and Lande, R. 1991. Assessing Extinction Threats: Toward a Reevaluation of IUCN Threatened Species Categories. Conservation Biology 5(2): 148–157. [Jun 1991]























  • For a list of additional amphibian-related Red List publications, see here.
  • For a list of mammal-related Red List publications, see here and here.
  • For a list of additional marine-related Red List publications, see here.
  • For a list of additional freshwater-related Red List publications, see here.